Jeremy Kashel

Jeremy Kashel's Blog

Tabular Analysis Services Perspectives and Measure Groups

I’ve always liked how Excel and other client tools deal with measure groups in a multi dimensional SSAS cube. Once you connect to the cube, you get a drop down in the Pivot Table fields pane that lets you choose which measure group you want. From there, you get a filtered list of measures and dimensions. For example, if I connect to the Adventure Works 2012 sample cube, I get the following:

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By picking Internet Orders, I will see only the measures dimensions that relate to Internet Orders, which provides me with a good way of navigating a large cube.

Tabular

Unfortunately though, if I connect to a Tabular model (e.g. the sample Adventure Works 2012 model that I got from codeplex), then if I click the same drop down, then I will see every table in the entire model, whether the table  is a dimension, a fact or something else. E.g. here for a tabular model than contains 3 fact tables, but 15 tables in total, then I see all 15 tables:

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This isn’t ideal in my opinion, as I’d much rather that users had the ability to quickly jump to an area of interest, which measure groups achieve fairly well. As I have 3 fact tables, I would expect to see those 3 fact tables/measure groups in the drop down.

I did accept this as a quirk of tabular until I stumbled across something recently. If you connect to a tabular perspective, then Excel behaves exactly as Multi Dimensional does, i.e. it shows you only measure groups in the drop down. To illustrate I’ve added a new perspective to the model that contains all tables and I’ve called this perspective ‘Adventure Works’:

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Now I can connect to this new perspective via Excel. Remember the perspective contains all my tables, so it shouldn’t be any different than connecting the model itself:

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The perspective does give a different result though – now only the actual measure groups are displayed to me in the drop down, which is much more user friendly:

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Summary

This is completely different to the way that perspectives work in multi dimensional. When making MD cubes, I wouldn’t always need perspectives, just because the measure groups provided a ‘natural’ way of the users picking the subset of the cube that was of interest to them. Now with tabular, it seems that using a perspective will actually improve the user experience.

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